What is MDF in Poker?

MDF is short for Minimum defense frequency, which describes the portion of your range with which you must continue when facing a bet in order to remain unexploitable by bluffs. In other words, MDF is the minimum percentage of time you must call (or raise) to prevent your opponent from profiting by always bluffing you.

The formula to calculate MDF is simple:

pot size / (pot size + bet size)

Then, multiply the answer by 100 to express it as a percentage.

Want to learn the strategic value of MDF in poker? Read this guide:

How to Make Profitable Decisions Against Any Bet Size (Minimum Defense Frequency vs Pot Odds)

« View All Poker Terms

Put Your Skills to the Test with a Quick Poker Quiz!