Here are the answers and explanations from our poker IQ test.
[NLH] When your range contains more very strong hands than your opponent’s range (aka “nut advantage”), you should generally.
🔲 Bet more frequently
✅ Bet bigger sizes*
🔲 All of the above
When your range contains more nutted hands than your opponent’s range this is known as having “nut advantage”. When this situation occurs, the player that has nut advantage is incentivized to put a lot more money into the pot - aka use bigger bet sizes - with the goal to stack his opponent’s weaker made hands which he will be forced to call with otherwise risk getting exploited by being bluffed too often off of his hands. This is due to some mathematical implications that are beyond the scope of this quiz.
Having the nut advantage doesn’t necessarily mean that you will need to bet more frequently.
Betting more frequently is something you are incentivized to do when you have what is called “range advantage”, or in other words, your range has more equity than your opponent’s range.
*An earlier version of this page and quiz had "Bet more frequently" marked as the correct answer. That was an error and has been corrected.
[Poker Theory] How should you primarily adjust your preflop raising strategy when a player who 3-bets aggressively sits to your direct left?
🔲 Open-raise more often
✅ Open-raise less often
When a player 3-bets your open, he is basically putting pressure on the mid-to-bottom part of your range, forcing you to concede the equity of those hands due to not receiving good enough pot odds to call profitably.
With this in mind, you can start to understand that open-raising with more hands will not be beneficial due to more hands being forced to fold their share of the equity.
Open-raising less often makes a lot of sense because you basically eliminate the investment that you made with those weaker hands that were being forced to fold too often and thus rendering you a loss.
(PLO) Suppose you defend your big blind versus a button raise, and then check-call a bet on an unpaired, middling flop like J-7-5. On which turn cards should you most often lead into the aggressor?
✅ When the top card pairs (J)
🔲 When the middle or bottom card pairs (7 or 5)
🔲 When the turn is an Ace
🔲 When the turn completes many straight draws (8, 9, or ten)
The out of position (OOP) player generally has more top-pair combinations that he check-calls on the flop compared to the number of top-pair combos the in position (IP) player bets on the flop (because IP will check back a lot of them while OOP will generally check-call). This leads to OOP often having an equity advantage on top-pair-pairing turns which translates into quite a few leads.
In No Limit Hold'em, by contrast, you should lead most often when the middle or bottom card pairs and almost never lead when the top card pairs. Learn about leading in NLH here.
(Poker Theory) As stack sizes increase (e.g. from 100 big blinds to 200 big blinds), you should play a ______ strategy preflop.
When playing deeper, you will generally be able to play just a bit looser, especially when calling raises, because some hands will benefit from the extra implied odds that they get when hitting very strong hands.
(NLH) True or False: You should cold call raises in position more often in cash games than in tournaments.
You should cold-call more when playing tournaments because they often play with an ante which positively influences the pot odds that you will be getting when faced with a raise.
(Poker Theory) On what street is the “minimum defense frequency” concept most relevant?
By the river, excluding dramatic texture shifts, both players’ ranges have taken a sufficient number of actions to become quite competitive with one another.
When fewer asymmetries exist between ranges, and fewer betting rounds remain, players should defend much more closely to MDF compared to when the above are the opposite.
(PLO) When considering check-raise bluffing on the flop with deep effective stacks, which of these characteristics is least relevant to have in your hand?
🔲 Nut gutshot straight draw
🔲 Pocket pair
✅ Overcards to the board
🔲 Board pair blocker
Nut gutshot straight draws and pocket pairs retain robust equity (4 and 2 outs respectively) that does not deteriorate as ranges narrow. Overcards, on the other hand, have less robust equity when we improve and ranges are narrow. Board pair blockers are effective because they reduce the number of combos that villain can continue with.
For example, a good check-raise bluff on K82r is KQ33, a combo that has 2+ of these 3 properties.
(NLH Tournaments) When the player in the big blind has a very short stack (<8 blinds), you should _____ your raise size from the button.
When you raise to a larger size (3-3.5x) into a player with a very short stack, you make it tougher for them to profitably defend and realize their equity.
Versus small raise sizes, short stacks can defend and realize equity very effectively because they can simply go all-in if they hit a piece of the flop. You’re doing the short stack a huge favor -- and costing yourself some EV -- if you continue to raise small, which allows them make those marginal-but-profitable defends.
Side note: After raising to the larger size, you will never fold to their shove because you will be priced in with every hand in your raising range.